Skip to main content

Advertisement

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Relation between growth stress and lignin concentration in the cell wall: Ultraviolet microscopic spectral analysis

Abstract

Lignin content in the cell wall was investigated to examine its relation with growth stress, using an ultraviolet microscopic spectrum analyzer. Although a weak correlation existed between the growth stress and lignin concentration in the compound middle lamella, it was believed that the compound middle lamella did not contribute to compressive growth stress generation as there was no correlation between growth stress and lignin concentration in the cell corner part of the intercellular layer. In the secondary wall, larger compressive growth stress was associated with higher lignin concentration especially in the outer part. This finding confirms that lignin contributes positively to the generation of compressive longitudinal growth stresses in the compression wood and more substantially in the outer part of the secondary wall. This experimental result strongly supports our hypothesis of growth stress generation given by the model.

References

  1. 1.

    Yamamoto H, Okuyama T, Yoshida M, Sugiyama K (1991) Generation process of growth stresses in cell walls. III. Growth stress in compression wood. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 37:94–100

  2. 2.

    Okuyama T, Kawai A, Kikata Y, Yamamoto H (1986) The growth stresses in reaction wood. In: Proceedings of the XVIII IUFRO World Congress, Yugoslavia, pp 249–260

  3. 3.

    Yamamoto H, Okuyama T, Sugiyama K, Yoshida M (1992) Generation process of growth stresses in cell walls. IV. Action of the cellulose microfibril upon the generation of the tensile stresses. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 38:107–113

  4. 4.

    Sugiyama K, Okuyama T, Yamamoto H, Yoshida M (1993) Generation process of growth stresses in cell walls: relation between longitudinal released strain and chemical composition. Wood Sci Technol 27:257–262

  5. 5.

    Okuyama T, Sasaki Y (1978) The residual stresses in wood logs due to growth stresses. IV. The growth stresses piled in the trunk. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 21:77–84

  6. 6.

    Fergus BJ, Procter AR, Scott JAN, Goring DAI (1969) The distribution of lignin in spruce wood as determined by ultraviolet microscopy. Wood Sci Technol 3:117–138

  7. 7.

    Stone JE, Scallan AM (1967) The effect of component removal upon the porous structure of the cell wall of wood. II. Swelling in water and the fiber saturation point. Tappi 50:496–501

  8. 8.

    Scott JAN, Goring DAI (1970) Photolysis of wood micro sections in the ultraviolet microscope. Wood Sci Technol 4:237–239

  9. 9.

    Yean WQ, Goring DAI (1964) Simultaneous sulphonation and fraction of spruce wood by a continuous flow method. Pulp Pap Mag Can 65:T127-T132

  10. 10.

    McNaughton JC, Yean WQ, Goring DAI (1967) Macro molecular properties of kraft lignins from spruce made soluble by a continuous flow process. Tappi 50:548–553

  11. 11.

    Takano T, Fukazawa K, Ishida S (1983) Within-a-ring variation of lignin in Picea glehnii by UV microscopic image analysis. Res Bull Coll Exp Hokkaido Univ 40(4):709–722

  12. 12.

    Fujii T, Shimada K, Shimuzu K (1994) Ultrastructural changes of cryptomeria and beech wood during acetosolv pulping. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 40:527–533

  13. 13.

    Boyd JD (1972) Tree growth stresses. V. Evidence of an origin in differentiation and lignification. Wood Sci Technol 6:251–262

  14. 14.

    Boyd JD (1973) Helical fissures in compression wood cells: causative factors and mechanics of development. Wood Sci Technol 7(2):92–111

  15. 15.

    Fukazawa K (1974) The distribution of lignin in compression- and lateral-wood of Abies sachalinensis using ultraviolet microscopy. Res Bull Hokkaido Univ 31(1):87–114

  16. 16.

    Fukazawa K, Imagawa H (1981) Qualitative analysis of lignin using an UV microscopic image analyzer: variation within one growth increment. Wood Sci Technol 15:45–55

  17. 17.

    Lange PW (1945) The ultraviolet absorption of solid lignin. Svensk Papperstidn 48:241–245

  18. 18.

    Maurer A, Fengel D (1990) A new process for improving the quality and lignin staining of thin sections from wood tissue. Holzforschung 44:453–460

Download references

Author information

Additional information

This paper was presented at the International Academy of Wood Science Meeting at Vancouver, Canada, July 1997

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Okuyama, T., Takeda, H., Yamamoto, H. et al. Relation between growth stress and lignin concentration in the cell wall: Ultraviolet microscopic spectral analysis. J Wood Sci 44, 83–89 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00526250

Download citation

Key words

  • Growth stress
  • Compression wood
  • Lignin
  • UV
  • Secondary wall