Skip to main content

Advertisement

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Permanence of wood-free paper I: Paper-making additives in naturally degraded wood-free papers

Abstract

Effects of pH, sizing agent, and starch on the natural deterioration of 45 printed wood-free papers stored 1–32 years was investigated in terms of MIT folding endurance, brightness, and L*a*b* values. The neutral and alkaline papers retained their folding endurances well and significantly lost their yellow color (b*) during storage. The folding endurance of the acidic papers stored more than 15 years showed a declining trend with increased storage time. The sizing agent content in the papers stored more than 10 years increased and the amount of starch decreased with increasing storage years. A larger amount of the sizing agents correlated with less folding endurance and more yellow color of the papers. The relation between the starch content and the degree of yellow color of the papers was unclear, and the endurance of the papers increased with the increase in starch content.

References

  1. 1.

    Usuda M (1984) The current trend of book preservation and the mechanisms of degradation of paper (in Japanese). Jpn Tappi 38(1):48–58

  2. 2.

    Kouris M (1996) The dictionary of paper, 5th edn. Tappi Press, Atlanta, p 222

  3. 3.

    Dixson HP, Nelson JC (1962) An accelerated aging study of several writing papers. Tappi 45(10):753–760

  4. 4.

    Oye R (1988) Degradation of library materials and its preservation (in Japanese). Mokuzai Gakkaishi 34:781–787

  5. 5.

    McComb RE, William JC (1981) The value of alkaline papers for recycling. Tappi 64:93–96

  6. 6.

    Mailly V, Nest FL, Tosio JM, Silvy J (1997) Yellowing of coated papers under the action of heat, daylight radiation and nitrogen oxide gas. Tappi 180(5):176–183

  7. 7.

    Yano T, Ohtani H, Tsuge S (1992) Determination of neutral sizing agents in papers by pyrolysis-gas chromatography. Analyst 117:849–852

  8. 8.

    Ishida Y, Ohtani H, Kato T, Tsuge S, Yano T (1994) Determination of rosin sizing agents in papers by pyrolysis-gas chromatography combined with on-line methylation. Tappi J 77(3):177–183

  9. 9.

    Suzuki S, Ohi H, Kuroda K (1997) Structural analysis of lignin by pyrolysis-gas chromatography. V. Analysis of lignin in mechanical pulp and paper (in Japanese). Jpn Tappi J 51:932–944

  10. 10.

    Nakajima M (1992) New type of neutral rosin size (in Japanese). Jpn J Paper Technol 35(1):16–17

  11. 11.

    Tanaka H (1996) Technical survey on polymer additives for papermaking (in Japanese). Mokuzai Gakkaishi 42:1035–1041

  12. 12.

    Luner P (1969) Paper permanence. Tappi 52:796–805

  13. 13.

    Robertson DD (1976) The evaluation of paper permanence and durability. Tappi 59(12):63–69

  14. 14.

    Mesley AM, Stevens GC (1994) Kinetics and mechanisms of the low temperature degradation of cellulose. Cellulose 1:26–56

  15. 15.

    Wu ZH, Kawabata K, Tanaka H (1997) Permanence of neutral wood-free papers (in Japanese). Sci Bull Fac Agr Kyushu Univ 52(1-2):25–32

  16. 16.

    Carter HA (1989) Chemistry in the comics. Part 3. The acidity of paper. J Chem Educ 66:883–886

  17. 17.

    Kim BY, Isogai A, Onabe F, Usuda M (1990) Evaluation of deterioration degrees of book paper by measurement of optical properties (in Japanese). Jpn Tappi 144:1126–1129

  18. 18.

    Bristow JA (1994) What is ISO brightness. Tappi 77(5):174–178

  19. 19.

    Sugaizumi M (1989) Evaluation of whiteness (in Japanese). Jpn Tappi J 43:395–400

  20. 20.

    Kouris M (1996) The dictionary of paper, 5th edn. Tappi Press, Atlanta, p 211

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Zonghua Wu.

Additional information

Part of this paper was presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society in Kochi, April 1997

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wu, Z., Tanaka, H. Permanence of wood-free paper I: Paper-making additives in naturally degraded wood-free papers. J Wood Sci 44, 111–115 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00526255

Download citation

Key words

  • Wood-free papers
  • Permanence
  • MIT folding endurance
  • Sizing agents
  • Paper additives