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Assessment of hygroscopic conditioning performance of interior decorative materials IV: Sorption characteristics of wood under high relative humidity condition

Abstract

The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of six wood species under desorption conditions of 20°C and 100% → 0% relative humidity (RH), and the rate of adsorption at various depths of three wood species blocks under 98% RH at 22.5°C were studied. There were no significant differences among the EMC values for these six wood species over the RH range 40% → 0%, but there were highly significant differences over the RH range 100% → 50% at constant 20°C. The amount of moisture absorbed in the wood decreased curvilinearly with the increase of depth in the specimens as sorption time increased, and their relation could be represented by a semilogarithmic equation. Time-dependent adsorption behavior at various depths of the wood specimens could be represented by an exponential equation as a function of the product of the difference between moisture contents at equilibrium and initial conditions and the term (1 − e−t/π). The value of π of various wood species was found to increase linearly with the increased depth of the specimen and showed the following trend: hard maple (Acer sp.) > China fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata) > Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica D. Don).

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Correspondence to Song-Yung Wang.

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Wang, S., Liau, C. Assessment of hygroscopic conditioning performance of interior decorative materials IV: Sorption characteristics of wood under high relative humidity condition. J Wood Sci 44, 260–266 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00581305

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Key words

  • Depth of absorption
  • Absorbed moisture content
  • Time-dependent adsorption
  • Effectiveness of hygroscopic conditioning