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Automatic detection of a damaged cutting tool during machining I: method to detect damaged bandsaw teeth during sawing

Abstract

This paper presents an on-line method for detecting damaged teeth in the bandsaw using acoustic emission (AE) signal energy. The method is based on an analysis of differences in AE energies generated by normal and damaged teeth during sawing. Because of the difference in the amount of sawing, the AE energy was low for sawing by the damaged tooth and high for sawing by the normal tooth immediately after the damaged tooth. The ratio of AE energy for two successive teeth — a normal tooth immediately following a damaged tooth — was much greater than 1, whereas the ratio of AE energy for two successive normal teeth was close to 1. The results demonstrate that the technique using the AE energy ratio for two successive teeth is effective for on-line detection of damaged bandsaw teeth.

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Correspondence to Chiaki Tanaka.

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Zhu, N., Tanaka, C., Ohtani, T. et al. Automatic detection of a damaged cutting tool during machining I: method to detect damaged bandsaw teeth during sawing. J Wood Sci 46, 437–443 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00765801

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Key words

  • Acoustic emission
  • Damaged bandsaw teeth
  • Two successive teeth
  • AE energy ratio