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Accuracy of shear properties of wood obtained by simplified Iosipescu shear test

Abstract

We examined the accuracy of the shear properties of wood by the Iosipescu shear test using specimens whose shape was simplified. Quartersawn boards of sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Carr.) and shioji (Japanese ash,Fraxinus spaethiana Lingelsh.) were used. Two types of specimen for the Iosipescu shear test were compared: a “standard specimen” whose notch angle is 90° and a “keyhole type specimen”, which is more easily prepared than the standard type. The shear modulus, yield shear stress, and failure shear stress of the keyhole-type specimen were compared to those of the standard specimen. Shear stress analysis was conducted using the finite element method (FEM). The results obtained were as follows: (1) The failure pattern obtained by the simplified Iosipescu shear test was similar to that seen with the standard Iosipescu shear test. (2) The shear modulus, yield stress, and failure stress obtained by the simplified Iosipescu shear test coincided with those by the standard Iosipescu shear test. (3) The principal strain angle and principal stress angle of the simplified Iosipescu shear test were about 45°. (4) It is recognized that pure stress is applied to the strain-gauge regions in the simplified Iosipescu shear test, and it is expected that the shear properties are independent of the notch angle.

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Correspondence to Yoshitaka Kubojima.

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Kubojima, Y., Yoshihara, H., Ohsaki, H. et al. Accuracy of shear properties of wood obtained by simplified Iosipescu shear test. J Wood Sci 46, 279–283 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00766217

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Keywords

  • Shear Modulus
  • Shear Property
  • Yield Shear Stress
  • Notch Angle
  • Shear Strain Curve