Skip to main content

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Effects of five additive materials on mechanical and dimensional properties of wood cement-bonded boards

Abstract

There is a growing desire to improve the properties and use of nonwood plant materials as supplements to wood materials for wood cement-bonded boards (WCBs). This study was conducted to determine the comparative properties of WCBs containing various amounts of discontinuous inorganic fiber materials, such as alkali-resistant glass fiber, normal glass fiber, mineral wool, and nonwood plant materials such as retted flax straw and wheat straw particles. Tested cement-bonded boards were made at wood/additive compositions of 100/0, 90/10, 80/20, 70/30, 60/40, and 50/50 (weight percentages). Seventy-eight laboratory-scale WCBs were produced. Various board properties, such as the modulus of rupture (MOR), internal bonding strength (IB), water absorption (WA), thickness swelling (TS), and linear expansion (LE), were studied. The test results showed that three types of discontinuous inorganic fiber used as reinforcing materials in composites significantly enhanced and modified the performance of WCBs. The mechanical properties and dimensional stability of cement-bonded board were significantly improved with increasing amounts of the additives. MOR and IB were increased; and WA, TS, and LE of boards were reduced by combination with the inorganic fiber materials. The results also indicated that combination with retted flax straw particles only slightly increased the MOR of boards, and wheat straw particles led to marked decreases in all the mechanical properties and the dimensional stability of WCBs.

References

  1. 1.

    Moslemi AA (1974) Particleboard. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, IL, pp 185–186

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Prestemon DR (1975) Preliminary evaluation of a wood-cement composite. For Prod J 26(2):43–45

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Ramirez-Coretti A, Eckelman CA (1998) Inorganic-bonded composite wood panel systems for low-cost housing: a Central American perspective. For Prod J 48(8):62–68

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Goodell B, Daniei G (1997) Decay resistance and microscopic analysis of wood-cement composite. For Prod J 47(11–12):75–80

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Moslemi AA (1988) Inorganically bonded wood composites. Chemtech 18:504–510

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Rashwan MS, Hatzinikolas M, Zmavc R (1992) Development of a lightweight, low-cost concrete blocks using wood residue. For Prod J 42(5):57–64

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Maloney TM (1996) The family of wood composite materials. For Prod J 46(2):19–26

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Saha SP, Ouyang CS (1991) Mechanical behavior of fiberreinforced cement-based composites. J Am Ceram Soc 74:2727–2738

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Mashima M, Kousa K, Ohno S (1994) Fiber reinforced cement and concrete (in Japanese). Gihoudou Press, pp 165–182

  10. 10.

    Czernin W (1980) Cement chemistry and physics for civil engineer. Bauverlag, Wiesbaden, London, pp 177–179

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Halligan AF (1970) A reviews of thickness swelling in particle-board. Wood Sci Technol 4:301–312

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Mougel E, Beraldo LA, Zoulalian A (1995) Controlled dimensional variations of a wood-cement composite. Holzforschung 49:471–477

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Bulleit WM (1984) Reinforcement of wood materials: a review. Wood Fiber Sci 16(3):391–397

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Galligan WL (1982) Pacific Northwest meeting focuses on modern technology. For Prod J 32(2):5

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Sampatharajan A, Vijayaraghavan NC, Swaminathan KR (1992) Mechanical and thermal properties of particleboards make from farm residues. Bioresource Technol 40:249–251

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Odozi TO, Akaranta O, Ejike PN (1986) Particle boards from agriculture waste. Agric Waste 16:237–240

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Troger F, Pinke G (1988) On the production of PMDI-glued particleboard containing various portions of straw. Holz Roh Werkstoff 46:389–395

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Han GP, Zhang CG, Zhang DM, Umemura K, Kawai S (1998) Upgrading of urea formaldehyde-bonded reed and wheat straw particleboard using silane coupling agents. J Wood Sci 44:282–286

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Irel M, Simpson H (1993) Agriculture residues for cement-bonded composites. In: Proceedings of a workshop on inorganic-bonded wood and fiber composite materials, vol 3. USDA Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, WI, pp 31–58

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Troger F, Ullrich M (1994) Reinforcement of three-layer particleboards with retted flax straw. Holz Roh Werkstoff 52:230–234

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Swamy RN (1988) Natural fibre reinforced cement and concrete: concrete technology and design, vol 5. Blackie, London, pp 173–206

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Eusebio DA, Suzuki M (1990) Production and properties of plantmaterials cement-bonded composites. Bull Exp For Tokyo Univ Agric Technol 27:27–38

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Benedito RV, James BW, Paula HK (1980) Parameters affecting dimensional stability of flakeboard and particleboard. For Prod J 30(12):23–29

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Hachmi MH, Moslemi AA (1990) Effect of woodpH and buffering capacity on wood-cement compatibility. Holzforschung 44:425–430

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Ott L (1977) An introduction to statistical methods and data analysis. Duxbury Press, Belmont, pp 392–398

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Bogue RH (1964) The chemistry of Portland cement. Reinhold, New York, pp 435–488

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Takahashi T (1986) A feature of linen and ramie (in Japanese). Sen I Gakkaishi 42:319–321

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yi Min Wei.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wei, Y.M., Tomita, B. Effects of five additive materials on mechanical and dimensional properties of wood cement-bonded boards. J Wood Sci 47, 437–444 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00767895

Download citation

Key words

  • Glass fiber
  • Mineral wool
  • Wheat straw
  • Flax straw
  • Wood cement-bonded board