Skip to main content

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Properties of gypsum particleboard reinforced with polypropylene fibers


This paper details the influence of the length and content of polypropylene (PP) fibers on the physical and mechanical properties of gypsum particleboard (GPB). The length and amount of PP fibers added had a significant effect on the internal bond strength (IB) and the modulus of rupture (MOR) of GPB. The highest IB value was shown at 9 mm length and 9% content of PP fibers. The MOR was highest when the board was made with PP of 12 mm fiber length and 12% content. Suitable contents of PP fibers were advantageous in that they reinforced the properties of GPB so it achieved high performance. In contrast, a high content of PP fibers reduced the IB, MOR, and modulus of elasticity (MOE) of GPB. The thickness swelling was reduced with an increase in PP length and content. It was concluded that the combination of 12 mm length and 12% content or 3mm length and 9% content was optimum for producing good performance of GPB.


  1. 1.

    Wang K, Zhang Y (1987) New tectonics of gypsum particleboard production (in Chinese). For Prod Ind 2:15–18

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Zhang Y (1990) Influence of wood extractive on hardening and properties of gypsum plaster and gypsum-bonded particleboard (in Chinese). Wood Ind 4(1):8–18

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Zhang Y (1990) Compatibility of some wood species to the manufacture of gypsum-bonded particleboard (in Chinese). Wood Ind 4(4):3–7

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Japanese Industry Standard (1977) JIS standard gypsum: JIS R9111

  5. 5.

    Song XJ, Xu RX, Shi QL (1990) Development of gypsum particleboard (in Chinese). J Fujian For Coll 10:287–295

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Li XM, Chen SY (1989) Preliminary study on water-resistant properties of gypsum (in Chinese). Wood Ind 3(4):1–4

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Japanese Industry Standard (1994) JIS standard specification for particleboard: JIS A 5908

  8. 8.

    Zhang M (1997) The study of high performance bio-based composite boards manufactured from lignocellulosic materials (in Japanese). Wood Res Techn Notes 33:33–70

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Takahasi T, Nakayama Y (1992) The mechanical properties of wood. II (in Japanese). In: Wood science series 3: physics. Kaiseisha, Otksu, pp 95–130

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Deng YH, Furuno T, Uehara T (1998) Improvement on the properties of gypsum particleboard by adding cement. J Wood Sci 44:98–102

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Zhang Y (1989) Preliminary studies on relationship between density wood-gypsum ratio, water-gypsum ratio of gypsum-bonded particleboard (in China). Wood Ind 3(2):9–13

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Nakato K (1985) Particleboard (in Japanese). In: Wood technology. Yokendo, Tokyo, pp 413–416

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Nugroho N, Ardo N (2000) Development of structural composite products made from bamboo. 1. Fundamental properties of bamboo zephyr board. J Wood Sci 46:68–74

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Takeshi Furuno.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Deng, Y., Furuno, T. Properties of gypsum particleboard reinforced with polypropylene fibers. J Wood Sci 47, 445–450 (2001).

Download citation

Key words

  • Gypsum particleboard
  • Polypropylene (PP) fiber
  • Reinforcing material
  • Target density