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Preparation of activated carbon fibers with large specific surface area from softwood acetic acid lignin

Abstract

Softwood acetic acid lignin (SAL) free from a high-molecular-mass fraction could be spun at 220°C by a spinning machine equipped with an extruder. Although the resulting fibers required thermostabilization, this step could be conducted with a faster heating rate than that for fibers obtained from hardwood acetic acid lignin (HAL). The thermostabilized SAL fibers were converted to activated carbon fibers (ACF) by carbonization in a stream of nitrogen at 1000°C, followed by steam activation at 900°C. At an activation time of 40 min, the SAL-ACF had a larger specific surface area than the corresponding HAL-ACF. When the activation time for SAL carbon fibers was prolonged to 80 min, the adsorption capacities of resulting ACF against iodine and methylene blue were markedly increased, as was the surface area of the ACF. It was found that SAL-ACF had adsorption properties comparable to those of high-performance commercial ACF. Also, it had a tensile strength equal to that of a pitch-derived ACF.

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Correspondence to Yasumitsu Uraki.

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Uraki, Y., Nakatani, A., Kubo, S. et al. Preparation of activated carbon fibers with large specific surface area from softwood acetic acid lignin. J Wood Sci 47, 465–469 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00767899

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Key words

  • Activated carbon fibers
  • Softwood acetic acid lignin
  • Specific surface area
  • Steam activation