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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Hardness distribution on wood surface

Abstract

For better understanding wood hardness, we developed a new hand-operated hardness tester that works with Brinell's method. With this tester we investigated the hardness distribution of wood minutely using a 2mm diameter ball tip. The following results were obtained: (1) On preliminary examination with medium-density fiberboard, we found that the value of Brinell's hardness decreased with the increase in the tip ball's diameter but that it was almost constant with the indenting velocity. (2) By using a small diameter tip, the difference of the hardness became clearer between earlywood and latewood. (3) With radial and tangential sections, we obtained hardness distribution patterns similar to those of wood grain. It seems that the hardness distribution reflects the distribution of density on wood surfaces.

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Correspondence to Seiji Hirata.

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Hirata, S., Ohta, M. & Honma, Y. Hardness distribution on wood surface. J Wood Sci 47, 1–7 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00776637

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Key words

  • Bnnells hardness
  • Ball diameter
  • Handy-type tester
  • Two-dimensional distribution