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Screening of wood-rotting fungi for kraft pulp bleaching by the Poly R decolorization test and biobleaching of hardwood kraft pulp byPhanerochaete crassa WD1694

Abstract

From among 419 wood-rotting fungi 10 were selected by the Poly R decolorization test, and their ability to bleach hardwood kraft pulp was assayed. Of the 10 selected, 6 fungi (i.e.,Phanerochaete crassa WD1694 and F150;Pleurotus pulmonarius PSC-H, PSC-M, and PSC-T;and Pleurotus species A119) showed much higher bleaching ability thanPhanerochaete chrysosponum BKMF1767 orTrametes versicolor WD1670, both of which are well-known high ligninolytic fungi.P. crassa WD1694 had the highest bleaching ability among the selected strains, and it increased the pulp brightness from 28 to 54, with a corresponding decrease in kappa number from 16 to 6 after 10 days of cultivation and alkali extraction. MnP was a predominant ligninolytic enzyme ofP. crassa WD1694 during the biobleaching.

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Correspondence to Mariko Takano.

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Takano, M., Nishida, A. & Nakamura, M. Screening of wood-rotting fungi for kraft pulp bleaching by the Poly R decolorization test and biobleaching of hardwood kraft pulp byPhanerochaete crassa WD1694. J Wood Sci 47, 63–68 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00776647

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Key words

  • Fungi
  • Screening
  • Poly R
  • Lignin
  • Kraft pulp
  • Bleaching