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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Working mechanism of adsorbed water on the vibrational properties of wood impregnated with extractives of pernambuco (Guilandina echinata Spreng.)

Abstract

To clarify the lowering mechanism of loss tangen (tanδ) of sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Carr.) wood impregnated with extractives of pernambuco (Guilandina echinata Spreng. synCaesalpinia echinata Lam.), we examined the vibrational properties of the impregnated wood in relation to the adsorbed water. The results obtained were as follows: (1) The equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of impregnated sitka spruce decreased to some extent compared with untreated wood. (2) Frequency dependencies of tanδ a about 400–8000Hz showed that impregnated wood has much lower tan δ than untreated wood at around 9% mois ture content (MC), except for the high-frequency region. At high relative humidity, impregnated wood has a minimum tanδ (at around 4000Hz); and at other frequency ranges the tanδ of impregnated wood did not differ considerably from that of untreated wood. (3) The apparent activation energy of the mechanical relaxation process (ΔE) concerned with adsorbed water molecules was higher for impregnated specimens than for untreated ones at moderately high relative humidity, whereas at high relative humidity the difference was not observed. Based on these results, it is thought that the tanδ of impregnated wood decreased at low rela tive humidity because of the formation of direct hydrogen bonds between impregnated extractives and wood components. However, when the specimen is at higher relative

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Correspondence to Masahiro Matsunaga.

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Matsunaga, M., Obataya, E., Minato, K. et al. Working mechanism of adsorbed water on the vibrational properties of wood impregnated with extractives of pernambuco (Guilandina echinata Spreng.). J Wood Sci 46, 122–129 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00777358

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Key words

  • Pernambuco
  • Extractives
  • Adsorbed water Vibrational property
  • Loss tangent