Skip to main content

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Suitability of acetylated woods for clarinet reed

Abstract

The density (ϱ), dynamic Young's modulus (E), loss tangent (tanδL) in the longitudinal (L) direction, and the dynamic shear modulus (G), loss tangent (tanδS) in the LT or LR (T, tangential; R, radial) plane of woods and cane (Arundo donax L.) in air-dried and wet conditions were measured. The acoustic converting efficiency (ACE), expressed by √E/ϱ3/tanδL, and the factors of anisotropy, expressed byE/G and tanδS/tanδL, of woods were compared with those of the canes. Low-density coniferous woods had higher ACE values and were of a more anisotropic nature than the cane. These woods seemed appropriate for clarinet reed owing to their homogeneous cellular structure. The stability in vibrational properties and the anticreep properties of the woods were enhanced by the acetylation treatment. Professional clarinet players suggested that acetylated Glehn's spruce and sitka spruce were suitable for clarinet reeds.

References

  1. 1.

    Obataya E, Umezawa T, Nakatsubo F, Norimoto M (1998) The effects of water soluble extractives on the acoustic properties of reed (Arundo donax L.). Holzforschung (in press)

  2. 2.

    Obataya E, Norimoto M (1998) Acoustic properties of cane (Arundo donax L.) used for the clarinet reed. (submitted)

  3. 3.

    Obataya E (1996) Importance of reed quality for the clarinet players (in Japanese). PIPERS 181:32–34

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Obataya E (1996) Physical properties of cane used for clarinet reed (in Japanese). Wood Res Tech Notes 32:30–65

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Sasaki T, Norimoto M, Yamada T, Rowell RM (1988) Effect of moisture on the acoustical properties of wood (in Japanese). Mokuzai Gakkaishi 34:794–803

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Yano H, Minato K (1992) Improvement of the acoustic and hygroscopic properties of wood by a chemical treatment and application to the violin parts. J Acoust Soc Am 92:1222–1227

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Ono T (1996) Frequency response of wood for musical instruments in relation to the vibrational properties. J Acoust Soc Jpn 17:183–193

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Tanaka C, Nakao T, Takahashi T (1987) Acoustic property of wood (in Japanese). Mokuzai Gakkaishi 33:811–817

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Ono T, Kataoka A (1979) The frequency response of wood in the longitudinal direction (in Japanese). Mokuzai Gakkaishi 25:535–542

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Nakao T, Okano T, Asano I (1985) Theoretical and experimental analysis of flexual vibration of the viscoelastic Timoshenko beam. J Appl Mech 52:728–731

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Obataya E, Norimoto M, Nagamatsu M (1996) Quality evaluation of clarinet reed made of different materials (in Japanese). J Acoust Soc Jpn 52:24–29

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Stein K (1958) The art of clarinet playing. Birch Tree Group, New Jersey, pp 6–9

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Thurston F (1964) Clarinet technique. Oxford University Press, London, p 48

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to E. Obataya.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Obataya, E. Suitability of acetylated woods for clarinet reed. J Wood Sci 45, 106–112 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01192326

Download citation

Key words

  • Clarinet reed
  • Cane
  • Vibrational property
  • Anisotropy
  • Acetylation