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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Estimation of yield and ultimate strengths of bolted timber joints by nonlinear analysis and yield theory

Abstract

A finite element nonlinear analysis was conducted on bolted timber joints under lateral loads parallel and perpendicular to the grain. The results obtained from this analysis were compared with the experimental results and calculated values based on the yield theory. The analysis and experiment were performed on double shear bolted joints parallel and perpendicular to the grain with steel side plates and a slotted-in steel plate. It was found from the analysis that the yielding of wood and bolt occurred before the overall yielding of the bolted joint. Shear strength of bolted joints calculated from the yield theory using the embedding yield strength of wood and the yield moment of the bolt showed comparatively good agreement with the shear strength evaluated by 5% offset of the load–slip curve in the experiment and analysis. The shear strength of the bolted joint calculated from the yield theory using the embedding ultimate strength of wood and the ultimate moment of the bolt agreed quite well with the shear strength evaluated by the maximum load up to 15 mm slip in the analysis. The former, parallel and perpendicular to the grain, were 11% and 34%, on average smaller than the latter in the experiment.

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Correspondence to Motoi Yasumura.

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Part of this paper was presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Gifu, April 2002; the Annual Meeting of Architectural Institute of Japan 2002, Ishikawa, August 2002; and the World Conference on Timber Engineering 2002, Shah Alam, Malaysia, August 2002

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Sawata, K., Yasumura, M. Estimation of yield and ultimate strengths of bolted timber joints by nonlinear analysis and yield theory. J Wood Sci 49, 383–391 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-002-0497-3

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Key words

  • Nonlinear analysis
  • Bolted timber joint
  • Yield theory
  • Yield strength
  • Ultimate strength