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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Static bending strength performances of cross-laminated woods made with five species

Abstract

Thirty types of three-ply parallel- and cross-laminated woods were prepared from five species, and their static bending strength performance were investigated. The modulus of elasticity (MOE), proportional limit stress, and modulus of rupture (MOR) perpendicular to the grain were increased by cross-laminating, and the extent of the increase increased with decreasing density of the species. The measured values of MOE parallel and perpendi-cular to the grain of parallel-laminated woods and perpendicular to the grain of face laminae of cross-laminated woods were approximately equal to those calculated from true MOEs of individual laminae. However, the MOE parallel to the grain of face laminae of cross-laminated woods was much lower than the calculated MOE owing to the effect of the deflection caused by shear force on the MOE. The percentage of deflection caused by shear force versus total deflection (Y s) showed high values, from 16.1% (buna) to 40.5% (sugi), and it decreased linearly with increasing shear modulus in the cross section of the core. In addition, there was an extremely high positive correlation between the MOR and the measured MOE parallel to the grain of face laminae of cross-laminated woods. The MOR was also highly dependent on the shear modulus in cross section of the core.

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Correspondence to Han-Min Park.

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Part of this paper was presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Kyoto, April 2000

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Park, H., Fushitani, M., Sato, K. et al. Static bending strength performances of cross-laminated woods made with five species. J Wood Sci 49, 411–417 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-002-0502-x

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Key words

  • Cross-laminated woods
  • Species
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • Shear force
  • Modulus of rupture