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Dependence of reaction kinetics and physical and mechanical properties on the reaction systems of acetylation I: reaction kinetic aspects

Abstract

The dependence of the reaction parameters of acetylation on the reaction mixture was compared among uncatalyzed, acetic anhydride-xylene mixed, and acetic anhydride-pyridine mixed solutions. Wood meal and blocks were used to examine the effect of sample size. A first-order rate equation was applied to the data, and a rate constant and leveling off value of weight gain (WG) were estimated. The rate-determining step was examined from the viewpoint of activation energy. The results were as follows: (1) Regarding the magnitude of the rate constant, the order was pyridine system > uncatalyzed system > xylene system. (2) The ultimate value of WG was lower in the uncatalyzed and xylene systems than the pyridine system, probably because of the swelling ability of pyridine. (3) The activation energies of acetylation estimated for wood meal were 120, 135, and 110 kJ/mol for the uncatalyzed, xylene, and pyridine systems, respectively. (4) The characteristics of the diffusion-controlled reaction became marked when the acetylation was carried out in the pyridine system, at elevated temperature, and for wood blocks. Under these conditions, the supply of reagent to the reaction site might not be sufficient to fuel the reaction.

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Correspondence to Kazuya Minato.

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Part of this report was represented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Gifu, April 2002

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Minato, K., Ogura, K. Dependence of reaction kinetics and physical and mechanical properties on the reaction systems of acetylation I: reaction kinetic aspects. J Wood Sci 49, 418–422 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-002-0514-6

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Key words

  • Acetylation
  • Reaction kinetics
  • Activation energy
  • Rate-determining step
  • Weight gain