Skip to main content

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

  • Published:

Antioxidant activity of extracts from Calocedrus formosana leaf, bark, and heartwood


Calocedrus formosana Florin (Cupressaceae) is an endemic tree to Taiwan. To evaluate the antioxidant activity of the plant extracts from heartwood, bark, and leaf of C. formosana, assays for 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical and superoxide anion scavenging activities, as well as prevention of DNA strand cleavage were performed in this study. Similar IC50 values against the DPPH radical were found for the heartwood and bark extracts at approximately 23 µg/ml. Moreover, the heartwood extract exhibited the highest inhibitory activity against superoxide radicals among the test samples; a 2.3-fold lower value of IC50 for superoxide radical inhibition was found in the heartwood extract relative to that of (+)-catechin. Much less effect on inhibition of DPPH and superoxide radicals was found from the leaf extract of C. formosana. More than 70% of superoxide radicals were inhibited in the presence of 10 µg/ml heartwood extract, whereas only 15% inhibition was obtained from the leaf extract. The heartwood extract, at a dose of approximately 0.5 mg/ml, apparently completely prevented the ΦX174 supercoiled DNA cleavage induced by ultraviolet photolysis of H2O2, as judged by agarose gel electrophoresis. This report also suggests that the antioxidant activities of the plant extracts of C. formosana are in good correlation with their phenolic contents.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Shang-Tzen Chang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wang, SY., Wu, JH., Cheng, SS. et al. Antioxidant activity of extracts from Calocedrus formosana leaf, bark, and heartwood. J Wood Sci 50, 422–426 (2004).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words