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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Buttock temperature in a sedentary posture on plywood flooring of varying thickness over the ONDOL heating system


This study investigated the thermophysiological responses of healthy subjects that sat on the plywood covering of the ONDOL floor heating system. Environmental chambers were constructed for this study, wherein ambient temperature, and wall and ceiling surface temperature were controlled at 24°C, and relative humidity was 50%. The temperature of supply water (t sw) flowing into the floor coil was altered from 15°C to 40°C at 5°C intervals. The floor covering materials used in this experiment were mortar and three types of plywood with thicknesses of 2.7, 7.5, and 12 mm. The floor surface temperatures (t f) and the skin temperatures of eight subjects were measured while they were sitting on the floor. Buttock temperature, in particular, was monitored. This experiment yielded the following results: (1) t f was 17.0°–35.2°C on mortar finishing and 19.1°–30.2°C on 12-mm plywood covering; (2) the buttocks skin temperature increased with t sw higher than 30°C on mortar finishing and for t sw higher than 30°, 25°, and 20° on 2.7-, 7.5-, and 12-mm plywood finishing, respectively; (3) the differences of buttock temperature when t sw was varied between 15° and 40°C were 11.4°C on mortar, 7.9°C on 2.7-mm plywood, 6.5°C on 7.5-mm plywood, and 5.0°C on 12-mm plywood; (4) using regression analysis, the neutral point temperature of buttocks was determined to be 32.8°C.

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Correspondence to Gook-Sup Song.

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Part of this report was presented at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Fukuoka, Japan, March 2003

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Song, GS. Buttock temperature in a sedentary posture on plywood flooring of varying thickness over the ONDOL heating system. J Wood Sci 50, 498–503 (2004).

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Key words

  • Skin temperature
  • Floor covering
  • Thermal comfort