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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Dynamic modulus of elasticity and bending properties of young Taiwania trees grown with different thinning and pruning treatments

Abstract

The effects of different thinning and pruning methods on the bending strength and dynamic modulus of elasticity (DMOE) of young Taiwania (Taiwania cryptomerioides Hay) were investigated. The average DMOE, modulus of elasticity (MOE), and modulus of rupture (MOR) in the thinning treatments showed the following trend: no thinning > medium thinning > heavy thinning. This indicates that thinning reduces average bending properties. The average DMOE, MOE, and MOR in the pruning treatments showed the following trend: medium pruning > no pruning > heavy pruning. According to this tendency, better average qualities of lumber and specimens were from wood subjected to no-thinning and medium-pruning treatments according to an ultrasonic wave technique and static bending tests. However, most results showed no statistically significant differences among thinning, pruning, and thinning and pruning treatments. The average values of DMOE, MOE, and MOR of visually graded construction-grade lumber were significantly greater than those of below-grade lumber. Moreover, there were very significant positive relationships between density, ultrasonic velocity, DMOE, MOE, and MOR, although the determination coefficients were small.

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Correspondence to Cheng-Jung Lin.

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Wang, S., Lin, C., Chiu, C. et al. Dynamic modulus of elasticity and bending properties of young Taiwania trees grown with different thinning and pruning treatments. J Wood Sci 51, 1–6 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-004-0622-6

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Key words

  • Thinning
  • Pruning
  • Ultrasonic wave
  • Bending strength
  • Dynamic elasticity
  • Taiwania