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Quasi-non-linear fracture mechanics analysis of splitting failure in simply supported beams loaded perpendicular to grain by dowel joints

Abstract

A quasi-non-linear fracture mechanics model based on beam on elastic foundation theory is applied for analysis of the splitting failure of dowel joints loaded perpendicular to grain. Simply supported beams symmetrically loaded by two dowels are considered, and the effects of edge distance, dowel spacing, and distance between dowels and supports are accounted for. The foundation modulus used in the beam on elastic foundation model is chosen so that the perpendicular-to-grain tensile strength and fracture energy properties of the wood are correctly represented. This ensures that a conventional stress analysis and failure criterion lead to the same solution as the compliance method of fracture mechanics. A semiempirical efficiency factor is proposed to account for the influence of the total beam depth, which does not enter the beam on elastic foundation model, but the effect of which is evident from tests. It is shown that the so-called Van der Put/Leijten model, which recently has been adopted in Eurocode 5, appears as a special case of the model presented. Tests on simply supported beams with a single dowel joint at midspan are compared with the theoretical predictions. Various edge distances, beam depths, and spans were tested.

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    JL Jensen (2005) ArticleTitleQuasi-non-linear fracture mechanics analysis of the double-cantilever-beam specimen J Wood Sci 51 566–571 Occurrence Handle10.1007/s10086-005-0700-4

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    JL Jensen (2005) ArticleTitleQuasi-non-linear fracture mechanics analysis of the splitting failure of single dowel joints loaded perpendicular to grain J Wood Sci 51 559–565 Occurrence Handle10.1007/s10086-005-0699-6

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Correspondence to Jørgen Lauritzen Jensen.

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Jensen, J. Quasi-non-linear fracture mechanics analysis of splitting failure in simply supported beams loaded perpendicular to grain by dowel joints. J Wood Sci 51, 577–582 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-005-0701-3

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Key words

  • Dowel joints
  • Perpendicular to grain
  • Splitting
  • Fracture mechanics
  • Beam on elastic foundation