Skip to main content

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Effect of low molecular weight lignin fragments including oxalic acid in alkaline-oxygen stage waste liquor on Al toxicity

Abstract

Our previous study indicated the existence of some low molecular weight contaminants in separated fractions (F1 to F4) of alkaline-oxygen stage waste liquor by spectroscopic analysis. In the present study, the quantities of these compounds were determined by capillary electropheresis (CE). Substantial amounts of oxalate and acetate were found in F3. The complexes between Al and oxalate as well as F3 were characterized by 27Al-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and the spectra of Al-oxalate complexes demonstrated the ability of oxalate to chelate Al and to produce different forms of complexes at varied molar ratios. Plant growth experiments in the presence of Al-oxalate complexes suggested that at a proper range, oxalate has a favorable effect on the detoxification of Al toxicity. It can be assumed that oxalate in F3 also plays an important role in the efficiency of removing Al toxicity. 27Al-NMR was proved to be a useful method for the study of complexes between Al and organic compounds without disturbing their equilibrium conditions.

References

  1. 1

    J Olesyn P Karolewski MJ Giertych A Werner MG Tjoelker PB Reith (1996) ArticleTitleAltered root growth and plant chemistry of Pinus sylvestris seedlings subjected to aluminum in nutrient solution Trees 10 135–144

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    EJ Kamprath (1970) ArticleTitleExchangeable aluminum as a criterion for liming leached mineral soils Soil Sci Soc Am Pro 34 252–254 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaE3cXktVejtr8%3D Occurrence Handle10.2136/sssaj1970.03615995003400020022x

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    NT Coleman GW Thomas (1984) The basic chemistry of soil acidity F Adams (Eds) Soil acidity and liming Am Soc Agron Madison 1–41

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Matsumoto H, Ma JF, Ezaki B, Yamamoto Y (1999) Potential strategies for Al tolerance in plants. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium “Can biological production harmonize with environment?” Tokyo, pp 185–189

  5. 5

    Wang DX, Katsumata KS, Meshituska G (2005) Characterization of lignin fragments in alkaline-oxygen stage waste liquor as soil conditioning agent. J Wood Sci (in press)

  6. 6

    ED Zlotorzynska EPC Lai AR Timerbaev (1998) ArticleTitleCapillary electrophoresis: the state of the art in metal speciation studies Anal Chim Acta 359 1–26 Occurrence Handle10.1016/S0003-2670(97)00635-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    F Thomas A Masion JY Bottero J Rouiller F Montigny F Genevrier (1993) ArticleTitleAluminum(III) speciation with hydroxy carboxylic acids Al-27-NMR study Environ Sci Technol 27 2511–2516 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK3sXmtFKit7g%3D Occurrence Handle10.1021/es00048a031

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    GL Kerven PL Larsen LC Bell DG Edwards (1995) ArticleTitleQuantitative Al-27 NMR spectroscopic studies of Al complexes with organic-acid ligands and their comparison with geochem predicted values Plant Soil 171 35–39 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXmsVequ78%3D Occurrence Handle10.1007/BF00009561

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    PA Jordan NJ Clayden SL Heath GR Moore AK Powell AC Tapparo (1996) ArticleTitleDefining speciation profiles of Al3+ complexed with small organic ligands: the Al3+-heidi system Chem Rev 149 281–309 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK28XjsVOnt7c%3D

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    SP Bi XD Yang FP Zhang XL Wang GW Zou (2001) ArticleTitleAnalytical methodologies for aluminum speciation in environmental and biological samples – a review Fresenius J Anal Chem 370 984–996 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3MXmtVWitbg%3D Occurrence Handle10.1007/s002160100913 Occurrence Handle11583101

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    YM Liu JK Cheng (2003) ArticleTitleElemental speciation analysis in capillary electrophoresis Electrophoresis 24 1993–2012 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXlvVyjsLg%3D Occurrence Handle10.1002/elps.200305409 Occurrence Handle12858370

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    N Komatsu YE Kubota (1988) ArticleTitleAn 27Al-NMR study on the complexes present in the solution of potassium hexathiocyanatoaluminate (III) Bull Chem Soc Jpn 61 3746–3748 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaL1MXksFygtg%3D%3D Occurrence Handle10.1246/bcsj.61.3746

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    A Gottlein R Blasek (1996) ArticleTitleAnalysis of small volumes of soil solution by capillary electrophoresis Soil Sci 161 705–715 Occurrence Handle10.1097/00010694-199610000-00007

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    NV Hue GR Craddock F Adams (1986) ArticleTitleEffect of organic acids on aluminum toxicity in subsoil Soil Sci Soc Am J 50 28–34 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaL28Xht1yqtr8%3D Occurrence Handle10.2136/sssaj1986.03615995005000010006x

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15

    GSP Ritchie (1989) The chemical behavior of aluminum, hydrogen and manganese AD Roboson (Eds) Soil acidity and plant growth Academic New York 1–60

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16

    FJ Stevenson GF Vance (1989) Naturally occurring aluminum-organic complexes G Sposito (Eds) The environmental chemistry of aluminum CRC Boca Raton 117–146

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    PM Huang (1988) ArticleTitleIonic factors affecting aluminum transformations and the impact on soil and environmental sciences Adv Soil Sci 8 1–78 Occurrence Handle10.1007/978-1-4613-8771-8_1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    JF Ma SJ Zheng H Matsumoto S Hiradate (1997) ArticleTitleDetoxifying aluminum with buckwheat Nature 390 569–570 Occurrence Handle10.1038/37518

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19

    JF Ma S Hiradate H Matsumoto (1998) ArticleTitleHigh aluminum resistance in buckwheat. II. Oxalic acid detoxifies aluminum internally Plant Physiol 117 753–759 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXkvVylsbs%3D Occurrence Handle10.1104/pp.117.3.753 Occurrence Handle34930

    CAS  Article  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  20. 20

    SJ Zheng JF Ma H Matsumoto (1998) ArticleTitleHigh aluminum resistance in buckwheat. I. Al-induced specific secretion of oxalic acid from root tips Plant Physiol 117 745–751 Occurrence Handle10.1104/pp.117.3.745 Occurrence Handle34929

    Article  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Dongxiang Wang.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wang, D., Katsumata, K. & Meshitsuka, G. Effect of low molecular weight lignin fragments including oxalic acid in alkaline-oxygen stage waste liquor on Al toxicity. J Wood Sci 51, 634–639 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-005-0703-1

Download citation

Key words

  • Alkaline-oxygen delignification stage waste liquor
  • Al toxicity
  • Soil-conditioning agent
  • Oxalic acid
  • 27Al-NMR