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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image
  • Original Article
  • Open Access

Milling of wood and wood-based materials with a computerized numerically controlled router V: development of adaptive control grooving system corresponding to progression of tool wear

Journal of Wood ScienceOfficial Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society200652:779

  • Received: 20 April 2005
  • Accepted: 19 October 2005
  • Published:


A laser measuring instrument was installed in a computerized numerically controlled (CNC) router, and an automatic measurement system, which was developed in a previous study, was used to automatically measure the cutting edge profile of throw-away type straight bits without stopping the CNC router. In addition to the above-mentioned system, in this study, an adaptive control program based on experimental data was installed, and an adaptive control grooving system that improved machining accuracy and controlled the burr formation corresponding to the progression of tool wear under processing was developed. Verification experiments of this system were carried out. The main results obtained are summarized as follows: (1) the between-process method was adopted for this system, and three types of processing methods (type 1, 2, 3), which consisted of a combination of an up-milling surface and a down-milling surface after processing, were investigated; (2) from the results of verification experiments, type 2 and type 3 methods showed remarkable ability to improve the machining accuracy and control the burr formation; and (3) it was found that the system employing adaptive control processing corresponding to the progression of tool wear in grooving is very effective.

Key words

  • CNC router
  • Adaptive control grooving system
  • Tool wear
  • Machining accuracy
  • Burr formation