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Individual variations in monoterpenes released from Cryptomeria japonica and Pinus thunbergii needles

Abstract

Variations in the compositions of low boiling point (LBP) monoterpenes in needle samples from 99 sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) and 100 kuromatsu (Pinus thunbergii) trees were investigated using a headspace technique. Considerable variations in the proportions of monoterpenes were revealed in both species. In sugi, the proportions of sabinene and α-pinene in the total LBP monoterpenes, ranging from 8.8% to 73.3% and from 14.5% to 73.3%, respectively, showed enormous variations among nine monoterpenes. The proportions of 3-carene and limonene, ranging from 0.1% to 29.5% and from 0.2% to 20.4%, respectively, also showed very specific variations. In kuromatsu, the proportions of β-pinene and α-pinene in the total LBP monoterpenes, ranging from 26.5% to 66.3% and from 18.7% to 46.9%, respectively, showed considerable variations among ten monoterpenes. The proportions of myrcene and 1,8-cineole, ranging from 0.9% to 18.5% and from 0.8% to 12.3%, respectively, also showed specific variations.

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Correspondence to Sadanobu Katoh.

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Part of this article was presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Kyoto, April, 2000, and the 13th Annual Meeting of the Chugoku Shikoku Branch of the Japan Wood Research Society, Okayama, September 2001

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Katoh, S., Furukawa, T., Mizuguchi, A. et al. Individual variations in monoterpenes released from Cryptomeria japonica and Pinus thunbergii needles. J Wood Sci 52, 466–469 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-005-0782-z

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Key words

  • Cryptomeria japonica
  • Pinus thunbergii
  • Monoterpenes
  • Sabinene
  • β-Pinene