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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Water resistance properties of kenaf core binderless boards

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Abstract

Abstract Binderless boards were prepared from kenaf core under various manufacturing conditions and their water resistance properties were evaluated. The board properties evaluated were retention ratios of modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE), internal bonding strength after water treatment (IB), thickness swelling (TS), water absorption (WA), and linear expansion (LE). These values were then compared with those of boards bonded with urea-formaldehyde (UF), urea melamine formaldehyde (UMF), and phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resins, and their water resistance properties were assessed. We found that pressing temperature was one of the most important conditions for the improvement of water resistance properties. The retention ratios of MOR, MOE, and IB of kenaf core chip binderless boards (pressing temperature 200°C, target density 0.8g/cm3, and the three-step pressing of 6MPa for 10min, then 4MPa for 3min, and 2MPa for 3min) were 37.1%, 49.9%, and 55.7%, respectively, compared with values for UMF-bonded boards of 22.5%, 27.1%, and 40.7%, and values for PF-bonded boards of 42.8%, 41.8%, and 54.1%, respectively. The results showed that the water resistance properties of binderless boards were higher than those of UMF-bonded boards and almost as high as those of PF-bonded boards.

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Correspondence to Nobuhisa Okuda.

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Okuda, N., Sato, M. Water resistance properties of kenaf core binderless boards. J Wood Sci 52, 422–428 (2006) doi:10.1007/s10086-005-0785-9

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Key words

  • Self-bonding
  • Binderless board
  • Water resistance property
  • Kenaf core