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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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The effect of lignin on the bending properties and fixation by cooling of wood


To clarify the effects of lignin on the fixation of bending deformation by cooling, cooling set for delignified woods with various lignin residues were investigated to compare with mechanical and dynamic viscoelastic properties. Bending tests showed that steep reductions occurred in the modulus of elasticity and modulus of rupture with delignification during the initial stage of delignification. The dynamic viscoelastic measurements revealed that the peak temperature of tan δ due to micro-Brownian motion of lignin was reduced with delignification, and the peak disappeared in the temperature range of 5°–100°C for the specimens that had lost more than 21% of their weight. On the other hand, no clear change in residual set was found in the range of 0%–15% of weight loss in spite of a marked reduction in lignin content. Subsequently, set decreased steeply for the specimens delignified beyond 15% of weight loss. It was suggested that cooling set is not determined solely by lignin content but is influenced by changes in the quality of lignin due to delignification. Lignin quality affects the balance of the elastic potential to recover from deformation and its viscosity, which is an indication of resistance against flow.


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Correspondence to Masamitsu Nakajima.

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Nakajima, M., Furuta, Y., Ishimaru, Y. et al. The effect of lignin on the bending properties and fixation by cooling of wood. J Wood Sci 55, 258–263 (2009).

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Key words

  • Lignin
  • Plastic working
  • Cooling set
  • Thermal softening
  • Delignification