Skip to main content

Advertisement

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Enzymatic saccharification and ethanol production of Acacia mangium and Paraserianthes falcataria wood, and Elaeis guineensis trunk

Article metrics

  • 265 Accesses

  • 13 Citations

Abstract

We examined the saccharification and fermentation of meals from Acacia mangium wood, Paraserianthes falcataria wood, and Elaeis guineensis trunk. The levels of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and ethanol production were highest for P. falcataria wood and lowest for A. mangium wood. Ultrasonication pretreatment of meal further increased the rates of hydrolysis and ethanol production in meal from P. falcataria wood. Through this pretreatment, hemicelluloses (xylan and xyloglucan) and cellulose were released in the meal from P. falcataria wood. Loosening of hemicellulose associations can be expected to make P. falcataria wood more useful for bioethanol production.

References

  1. 1.

    Galiana A, Gnahoua GM, Chaumont J, Lesueur D, Prin Y, Mallet B (1998) Improvement of nitrogen fixation in Acacia mangium through inoculation with rhizobium. Agroforest Syst 40: 297–307

  2. 2.

    Orchard AE, Maslin BR (2005) The case for conserving Acacia with a new type. Taxon 54:509–512

  3. 3.

    Binkley D, Senock R, Bird S, Cole TG (2003) Twenty years of stand development in pure and mixed stands of Eucalyptus saligna and nitrogen fixing Falcataria moluccana. Forest Ecol Manag 182:93–102

  4. 4.

    Shivery GE, Zelek CA, Midmore DJ, Nissen TM (2004) Carbon sequestration in a tropical landscape: an economic model to measure its incremental cost. Agroforest Syst 60:189–197

  5. 5.

    Kurinobu S, Prehatin D, Mohanmad N, Matsune K, Chigira O (2007) A provisional growth model with a size-density relationship for a plantation of Paraserianthes falcataria derived from measurements taken over 2 years in Pare, Indonesia. J For Res 12:230–236

  6. 6.

    Siregar UJ, Rachmi A, Massijaya MY, Ishibashi N, Ando K (2007) Economic analysis of sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria) community forest plantation, a fast growing species in East Java, Indonesia. Forest Policy Econ 9:822–829

  7. 7.

    Merkel RC, Pond KB, Burns JC, Fisher DS (2000) Rate and extent of dry matter digestibility in sacco of both oven- and freeze-dried Paraserianthes falcataria, Calliandra calothyrsus, and Gliricidia sepium. Trop Agr 77:1–5

  8. 8.

    Otsamo R (1998) Effect of nurse tree species on early growth of Anisoptera marginata Korth. (Dipterocarpaceae) on an Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. grassland site in south Kalimantan, Indonesia. Forest Ecol Manag 105:303–311

  9. 9.

    Alamsyah EM, Nan LC, Yamada M, Taki K, Yoshida H (2007) Bondability of tropical fast-growing tree species I: Indonesian wood species. J Wood Sci 53:40–46

  10. 10.

    Hayashi T, Park YW, Isogai A, Nomura T (2008) Cross-linking of plant cell walls with dehydrated fructose by smoke-heat treatment. J Wood Sci 54:90–93

  11. 11.

    Singhal RS, Kennedy JF, Gopalakrishnan SM, Kaczmarek A, Knill CJ, Akmar PF (2008) Industrial production, processing, and utilization of sago palm-derived products. Carbohydr Polym 72:1–20

  12. 12.

    Lim SC, Khoo KC (1986) Characteristics of oil palm trunk and its potential utilization. Malaysian Forest 49:3–22

  13. 13.

    Husin M (2000) Utilization of oil palm biomass for various woodbased and other products. In: Basiron Y, Jalani BS, Chan KW (eds) Advances in oil palm research. Malaysian Palm Oil Board, Kuala Lumpur, pp 1346–1412

  14. 14.

    O’sullivan AC (1997) Cellulose: the structure slowly unravels. Cellulose 4:173–207

  15. 15.

    Hackney JM, Atalla RH, VandeHart DL (1994) Modification of crystallinity and crystalline structure of Acetobacter xylinum cellulose in the presence of water-soluble β-1,4-linked polysaccharides: 13C-NMR evidence. Int J Biol Macromol 16:215–218

  16. 16.

    Imamura T, Watanabe T, Kuwahara M, Koshijima T (1994) Ester linkages between lignin and glucuronic acid in lignin-carbohydrate complexes from Fagus crenata. Phytochemistry 37:1165–1173

  17. 17.

    Lawoko M, Henriksson G, Gellerstedt G (2006) Characterization of lignin-carbohydrate complexes from spruce sulfite pulp. Holzforschung 60:162–165

  18. 18.

    Chen F, Dixon RA (2007) Lignin modification improves fermentable sugar yields for biofuel production. Nat Biotechnol 25: 759–761

  19. 19.

    Updegraff DM (1969) Semimicro determination of cellulose in biological materials. Anal Chem 32:420–424

  20. 20.

    Dubois M, Gilles KA, Hamilton JK, Roberts PA, Smith F (1956) Colorimetric method for determination of sugars and related substances. Anal Chem 28:350–356

  21. 21.

    Hayashi T (1989) Measuring β-glucan deposition in plant cell walls. In: Linskens HF, Jackson JF (eds) Modern methods of plant analysis: plant fibers. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 138–160

  22. 22.

    Chiang VL, Funaoka M (1990) The difference between guaiacyl and guaiacyl-syringyl lignins in their responses to kraft delignification. Holzforschung 44:309–313

  23. 23.

    Somogyi M (1952) Notes on sugar determination. J Biol Chem 195:19–23

  24. 24.

    Segal L, Creely JJ, Martin AE Jr, Conrad CM (1959) An empirical method for estimating the degree of crystallinity of native cellulose using the X-ray diffractometer. Text Res J 29:786–794

  25. 25.

    Miyafuji H, Nakata T, Ehara K, Saka S (2005) Fermentability of water-soluble portion to ethanol obtained by supercritical water treatment of lignocellulosics. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 121–124: 963–971

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Rumi Kaida.

Additional information

Part of this report was presented at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Tsukuba, March 2008

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kaida, R., Kaku, T., Baba, K. et al. Enzymatic saccharification and ethanol production of Acacia mangium and Paraserianthes falcataria wood, and Elaeis guineensis trunk. J Wood Sci 55, 381–386 (2009) doi:10.1007/s10086-009-1038-0

Download citation

Key words

  • Paraserianthes falcataria
  • Saccharification
  • Bioethanol
  • Hemicelluloses
  • Ultrasonication