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Enzymatic saccharification and ethanol production of Acacia mangium and Paraserianthes falcataria wood, and Elaeis guineensis trunk

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We examined the saccharification and fermentation of meals from Acacia mangium wood, Paraserianthes falcataria wood, and Elaeis guineensis trunk. The levels of enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose and ethanol production were highest for P. falcataria wood and lowest for A. mangium wood. Ultrasonication pretreatment of meal further increased the rates of hydrolysis and ethanol production in meal from P. falcataria wood. Through this pretreatment, hemicelluloses (xylan and xyloglucan) and cellulose were released in the meal from P. falcataria wood. Loosening of hemicellulose associations can be expected to make P. falcataria wood more useful for bioethanol production.


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Correspondence to Rumi Kaida.

Additional information

Part of this report was presented at the 58th Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Tsukuba, March 2008

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Kaida, R., Kaku, T., Baba, K. et al. Enzymatic saccharification and ethanol production of Acacia mangium and Paraserianthes falcataria wood, and Elaeis guineensis trunk. J Wood Sci 55, 381–386 (2009) doi:10.1007/s10086-009-1038-0

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Key words

  • Paraserianthes falcataria
  • Saccharification
  • Bioethanol
  • Hemicelluloses
  • Ultrasonication