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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Nondestructive measurement of cross-sectional shape of a tree trunk


To evaluate windthrow resistance with respect to stem breakage, a nondestructive method for determining the shape of trunk cross sections was developed. In this method, the coordinates of multiple gauge points set on the perimeter of a trunk are calculated by measuring the distances between them. The shape between the gauge points is generated with the use of a profile gauge placed between them. Measurement tests were conducted using profile gauges with lengths of 300 and 900 mm on model specimens with four shape patterns and four different diameters. The accuracy of the estimation was verified by comparing the section modulus calculated for the generated image and for the photograph. The average ratio of section modulus (generated/photo) for all specimens was 0.994, which indicates that the proposed method is highly accurate. The section moduli of hollow trunks can be evaluated using the profile method together with the drill resistance technique on the condition that 26% of the trunk diameter could be drilled without skew.


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Correspondence to Akio Koizumi.

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Koizumi, A., Ikeda, K., Sawata, K. et al. Nondestructive measurement of cross-sectional shape of a tree trunk. J Wood Sci 57, 276–281 (2011).

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Key words

  • Nondestructive evaluation
  • Section modulus
  • Windthrow resistance
  • Tree trunk
  • Drill resistance technique