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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Table 4 Costs and selling prices of Bio-coke and pellet

From: Analysis of effect on CO2 emission reduction and cost estimation for the use of Bio-coke: a case study of Osaka, Japan

  Pellet Bio-coke
Cost of raw material (yen/kg) −18 −18
Cost of production (yen/kg) 40.8 28.0
Total cost (yen/kg) 22.8 10.9
Selling price (yen/kg) 46 50
  1. Raw materials are collected with fees for waste disposal. This can be counted as revenue, and is therefore shown as a negative value in the table