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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Journal of Wood Science Cover Image

Table 2 Comparison of properties of windmill palm fibers with other natural fibers

From: Structural, chemical, and multi-scale mechanical characterization of waste windmill palm fiber (Trachycarpus fortunei)

Natural fibersChemical composition (%)Structural characterizationTensile properties
α-CelluloseHemicelluloseLigninAshMFA(°)CrI (%)Tensile modulus (GPa)Tensile strength (MPa)Failure strain (%)
Windmill palm (this study)
Inner layer35.522.536.41.438.8 ± 1.545.73.5 ± 0.8132.0 ± 27.817.6 ± 2.9
Middle layer34.324.736.83.939.2 ± 1.349.22.7 ± 0.473.7 ± 17.210.5 ± 2.9
Outer layer34.725.338.31.139.4 ± 1.046.72.9 ± 0.572.8 ± 21.210.0 ± 4.7
Windmill palm [9, 12]28.220.644.137.8–42.230.5–730.3–1.382.1–170.122.6–55.2
Date palm [21]45 ± 328 ± 217 ± 0.31.7 ± 0.126.1 ± 14.241 ± 31.8 ± 0.6131 ± 3420.9 ± 7.6
Oil palm [2]42.7–6517.1–33.513.2–25.311.3–6.0460.6–950–4004–18
Sugar palm [23]43.8–44.58.9–10.039.5–41.90.9–1.33.9–4.3211–23315.8–20.6
Piassava palm [20]31.648.42.6 ± 0.4131.1 ± 27.111.9 ± 4.3
Coir [35]34.3–53.629.1–22.324–36.437.1–394.8–1894.3–119.85.5–6.3
Flax [24]72.68.73.24.520.85201.9
Jute [24]46.212.515.4824.63901.5
Sisal [24]45.320.415.12018.74002.7