Skip to main content

Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Table 4 Initial stiffness and yield load obtained via experiment and FEA

From: Nonlinear finite-element analysis of embedment behavior of metal washer in bolted timber joints

Metal washer K [kN/mm] Py [kN]
Side length [mm] Thickness [mm] FEA Exp FEA/Exp FEA Exp FEA/Exp
40 2.3 9.36 11.78 0.79 5.94 4.75 1.25
4.5 11.82 14.49 0.82 7.11 6.29 1.13
6.0 12.16 15.22 0.80 7.11 5.98 1.19
60 2.3 10.72 14.73 0.73 7.23 5.59 1.29
4.5 19.31 23.10 0.84 13.79 13.84 1.00
6.0 22.29 25.17 0.89 14.80 15.58 0.95
80 2.3 11.23 15.08 0.74 6.62 5.57 1.19
4.5 22.56 25.00 0.90 16.17 15.14 1.07
6.0 29.48 34.19 0.86 23.67 19.91 1.19