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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

Table 5 Ratio of initial stiffness and yield load before and after changing material constants

From: Nonlinear finite-element analysis of embedment behavior of metal washer in bolted timber joints

Model Doubled constant rK rP Doubled constant rK rP
S40T6 EL 1.00 1.06 σyL 1.00 1.05
ER 1.27 0.93 σyR, σyT 1.02 1.91
ET 1.21 1.46
GLR 1.06 1.11 σyLR 1.01 1.05
GLT 1.01 1.11 σyLT 1.01 1.05
GRT 1.05 1.11 σyRT 1.01 1.05
S80T2.3 EL 0.98 1.01 σyL 1.00 1.01
ER 1.31 0.94 σyR, σyT 1.00 1.32
ET 1.15 1.20
GLR 1.02 1.05 σyLR 1.00 1.01
GLT 1.02 1.05 σyLT 1.00 1.01
GRT 1.01 1.05 σyRT 1.00 1.01