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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Measurement of the uptake of linseed oil in pine by the use of an X-ray microdensitometry technique

Abstract

Pine sapwood (Pinus sylvestris) was impregnated with linseed oil to three levels of uptake. The distribution of the penetrant was found by taking microdensity measurements of an impregnated sample and then using an ethanol extraction procedure to remove the linseed oil. A second set of X-ray measurements at identical locations in the same sample allowed the linseed oil to be indirectly mapped. An uneven distribution of linseed oil in the specimens with the lowest uptake (25% increase in weight) was seen as sharp gradients in the densitometry curves. With increased filling by the linseed oil, these gradients were gradually smoothed. Microstructural changes in specimens with high uptake were revealed using scanning electron microscopy. Through a combination of X-ray microdensitometry investigation and changes observed in the wood's mechanical properties and morphology, it was concluded that liquid flow during impregnation results in significant damage to the cell structure.

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Correspondence to Tomas Olsson.

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Olsson, T., Megnis, M., Varna, J. et al. Measurement of the uptake of linseed oil in pine by the use of an X-ray microdensitometry technique. J Wood Sci 47, 275–281 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00766713

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Key words

  • Impregnation
  • X-ray microdensitometry
  • Linseed oil
  • Microstructure
  • Damage