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Estimation of the shear strength of wood by uniaxial-tension tests of off-axis specimens

Abstract

To determine shear strength we conducted uniaxial-tension tests of off-axis specimens and examined the proper off-axis angles. Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Carr.) and katsura (Cercidiphyllum japonicum Sieb. and Zucc.) were used for the studies. Uniaxial tension tests of the specimens with various off-axis angles were conducted, and the shear stress at failure was obtained. Independent of the tension tests, torsion tests were conducted, and the shear strengths were obtained. Comparing the data of the uniaxial tension and torsion tests, we examined the validity of estimating shear strength by the off-axis tension test. The shear strengths obtained from the tension tests coincided well with those measured by the torsion tests when the specimen had an off-axis angle of 15°–30°. In this off-axis angle range, the tensile stress perpendicular to the grain might have a serious influence on the shear strength, and we thought that the shear strength predicted by uniaxial tension tests should be treated as an approximate value despite the simplicity of the tension test. Other test methods should be adopted to obtain the precise shear strength of wood.

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Correspondence to Hiroshi Yoshihara.

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Yoshihara, H., Ohta, M. Estimation of the shear strength of wood by uniaxial-tension tests of off-axis specimens. J Wood Sci 46, 159–163 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00777364

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Key words

  • Shear strength
  • Uniaxial-tension test
  • Off-axis specimen
  • Torsion test