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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Collapsing process simulations of timber structures under dynamic loading I: simulations of two-story frame models

Abstract

In this study we tried to develop an analysis program that can simulate the collapsing process of timber-frame structures under dynamic loading by adopting the extended distinct element method (EDEM). Using the EDEM, it is possible to trace the movement of any parts that were separated from unity after the failure of connecting elements, a property that fits our purpose well. As a preliminary study, simple two-story frame structures were modeled and examined by our program. Each model is an assembly of frame members composed of the EDEM elements. The spring elements of the joints have less rigidity than those of the frame members. Several models were analyzed under dynamic loading. The models varied in the configuration of bracing shear walls. Experiments with a one-ninth model were carried out under similar conditions, and the results were compared with the results from numerical simulations. Simulated results showed various collapsing processes corresponding to the arrangement of the bracing shear wall, and the simulated aspects gave good agreement with the results of the experiments under similar conditions.

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Correspondence to Takafumi Nakagawa.

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Part of this paper was presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Japan Wood Research Society, Kyoto, April 2000

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Nakagawa, T., Ohta, M. Collapsing process simulations of timber structures under dynamic loading I: simulations of two-story frame models. J Wood Sci 49, 392–397 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-002-0500-z

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Key words

  • Bracing shear wall
  • Distinct element method
  • Computer simulation
  • Timber-frame structure