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Official Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society

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Deviations of kerf by handsaws III: the bend of saw blade by unsymmetrical set

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Abstract

To clarify the inducing mechanism of kerf deviation caused by unsymmetrical set of the handsaw, we hypothesized that the moment on the bottom edge of the saw blade, which is generated by the unsymmetrical set on handsaw teeth, bends the saw blade and this deformation should be one factor of the kerf deviation. To verify this hypothesis, the bend of a saw blade was examined by experiment and by calculation. In the experiments, a model tooth was attached to an actual handsaw. In the calculations, a saw model with a rectangular prism as the model tooth was analyzed by the finite element method. Loads were applied on the model tooth or the rectangular prism. From both the experiments and the calculations, the following results were obtained: (1) the deformation of the handsaw was caused by the unsymmetrical set in the length direction and the height direction of the saw blade; (2) the deformation and the inclination of the blade was larger at the front part of the saw than at the butt part; and (3) comparing the saw handle fixing conditions, the kerf deviation in the sawing line was supposed to be larger in the free handle condition and that kerf deviation in the depth direction was larger in the fixed handle condition. Based on the above results, it is apparent that one of the kerf deviation mechanisms originated from unsymmetrical set on the saw teeth.

References

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    Hirata S, Takahashi H (1990) Blade thickness, setting and deviation of kerf of handsaw used in junior high school (in Japanese). J Fac Edu Tottori Univ (Edu Sci) 32:263–274

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    Hirata S, Okano T, Ohta M (1993) Deviations of kerf by handsaw I (in Japanese). Mokuzai Gakkaishi 39:763–769

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    Hirata S, Okano T, Ohta M (1996) Deviations of kerf by handsaw II. Mokuzai Gakkaishi 42:944–952

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    Japan Institute of Metals (JIM), Iron and Steel Institute of Japan (1995) Iron and steel material handbook (in Japanese). Maruzen, Tokyo, pp 715–716

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Correspondence to Seiji Hirata.

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Key words

  • Handsaw
  • Unsymmetrical set
  • Deviation of kerf
  • Bend of blade
  • Finite element method